The strength of a good political system of a country is the capacity for governance



A good political path is a system exploring development in line with people’s aspirations. American-style democracy is widely questioned, and the Capitol Riot of January 6, 2021 intensified these questions.

Democracy as a value is a universal common value of mankind and a valuable and important achievement of human political civilization. However, it is a pity that the people cherish the idea of ​​democracy on the one hand, and argue among political forces on the other about what a universal democracy is. There is no single path to democracy. An exclusive way of judging the “democracy” of other countries by one country is not a respect for democracy, but a way to polarize the world and push it back into a Cold War-style confrontation. The denial of democracy-building efforts in other countries is a bullying tactic of hegemonic powers to compress the space for democratic development in countries “other than our own”, and it also reveals its lack of confidence in self in the depths.

I. True democracy and ultimate human rights are only possible with people-centred development.

Prosperity is the only way to guarantee the implementation of democracy. Illegal economic sanctions imposed on a heterogeneous civilization because its political system does not conform to the Western vision will only destroy people’s standard of living and the political situation of stability. The American-style democracy promoted by the politics of money is only a game for the rich, not a guarantee of civil and human rights. Economic weakness and slowdown are common worries around the world. In the general environment of slowing or even stagnating economic growth, using political reasons to artificially erect barriers between countries to block mutual respect and cooperation, the ultimate harm is people’s interests.

National economic and social development is the eternal pursuit of all countries. China strives to find a balance between democracy and development, makes development its first priority and strengthens democracy on the basis of national development, rather than digging the democratic system into a castle in the air detached from the reality of national conditions. A political system decoupled from national development will eventually become less attractive over time. Instead of mechanically copying the paths of political development of political systems in other countries, it is better to promote the maturation of democratic systems in a steady, gradual and problem-oriented way based on an accurate understanding of the political system. historic stage in which the country finds itself. in.

II. Democracy should not be a banner to incite separatism.

The evolution of democracy in Western countries today reveals more and more practical problems. The dilemma of internal polarization and fragmentation has been brought squarely before current Western politics. One person, one vote is by no means the only democratic principle. Sluggish party competition does not guarantee that governments run the country effectively.

Too much decentralization of national political power can lead to confining people to small groups with petty interests, ignoring the collective interests that the country really needs. Citizens lose the will to unite with each other and lack trust in each other. The rival faction that accommodates social fragmentation makes partisan politics more fragile. In these societies, neutral and moderate centrist parties with a traditional sense of responsibility no longer have decisive public appeal. The generalization of social networks has also objectively lowered the threshold of internal political play and dismantled the previous multiparty system.

On the international scene, violating the sovereignty of other countries under the pretext of democracy is an alienation from the democratic system. Major powers that forcefully promote unseemly democratization have influenced domestic political stability in Afghanistan and Iraq after the war in Afghanistan and the war in Iraq.

III. A good political system must take full account of the aspirations of the people.

Sound political institutional arrangements should advocate real and functional democratic practices throughout the process of democratic elections, consultations, coordination, decision-making, implementation, management, inspection, monitoring and accountability . Democracy is the right of the people, not a privilege of other countries. A good political system should fill people’s sense of happiness, contentment and security. A good political system is one that protects the rights and interests of the greatest number, represents the will of the people, pools its wisdom and strength. A good political system is sensitive to changing times so that it has a bright future. A good political system is one rooted in the deep culture of the country, adapted to national conditions and adopted by the people.

IV. Effective governance is the benchmark of a good political system

The design of a Western-style democratic system does not imply an effectively implemented democratic system, much less one that necessarily leads to a highly competent national governance capacity or a modernized national governance system. Polls in many Western countries have shown that a high percentage of the population does not appreciate interminable and protracted internal struggles. A political system that governs effectively means that the system is capable of effectively regulating harmonious relations between government and society, balancing the demands of different groups, shaping vibrant political parties, and fusing cohesive ethnic relations. A capacity for effective, non-corrupt and cohesive national governance is a guarantee for the maintenance of national sovereignty, security and development interests in a changing international situation.

V. Democratic relations between countries deserve to be further promoted.

Relations between countries should not be a zero-sum game full of competition and hostility. There is no shortage of tragedies that non-Western allied countries have been demonized by hegemony for seeking sovereign independence and not duplicating the political systems of others. Building democratic institutions is a long-term process. The way to enhance the attractiveness of democracy is to consolidate the country’s composite economic and national strength, improve people’s living standards, and provide concrete help to other countries, not just by shouting slogans or making enemies, not to mention the international intimidation that uses force to force other countries to change their path of development. Every country has the right to follow its own path of democratic development, and the political future of every country should be in the hands of its own people.

There are many ways to achieve democracy, and diversity is the charm of human civilization. Cooperation, sharing progress between countries, promoting inclusion, equality, justice and harmony safeguard the achievements of human civilization, which makes a positive global international order.

Global affairs should be jointly governed by all countries in the world, and the fruits of global development should be shared by all countries in the world. American-style democracy is not the only kind of democracy, Eastern democracy might better represent the future.

Dr. Yuan ZHANG is a professor at the Institute of Middle East Studies, Shanghai International Studies University.

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