Save the Oceans | Political economics



he oceans have it all: from microscopic life to the largest animal that has ever lived on earth, from colorless to brilliant, from frozen to hot and from sunny to mysterious darkness in the deepest parts of the planet. . They help us breathe, regulate the climate, provide food and support millions of jobs.

The oceans produce more than half of the planet’s oxygen and absorb 50 times more carbon dioxide than our atmosphere. They regulate the climate. The oceans cover 70% of the Earth’s surface and keep our planet livable. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), more than 40% of the world’s population lives within 100 kilometers of the coast. Proper management of ocean resources is therefore crucial to ensure global food security.

In 2008, the United Nations General Assembly decided that from 2009, June 8 would be designated by the United Nations as World Oceans Day, an occasion to celebrate the oceans and our connection to the sea. is a day to cultivate an appeal to the people, raise awareness of its importance to humanity, and learn what to do to protect it. The objective of the day is to inform the public of the impact of human actions on the ocean and to mobilize the population for a sustainable management of the world’s oceans.

The oceans are one of the main sources of fish and other seafood. Fisheries and aquaculture currently directly employ 56 million people. Many others are employed in follow-up activities, such as handling, processing and distribution. In total, fishing and fish farming support the livelihoods and families of some 660 to 880 million people, or 12% of the world’s population.

The oceans are home to 80% of the planet’s biodiversity and are the largest ecosystem on the planet. They provide vital renewable energy and devices are being developed to generate electricity from waves and tides, as well as offshore wind farms. More than 90% of the additional heat caused by global warming is stored in the oceans. Without this service and the warming and cooling effects of ocean currents, global temperatures would be too unstable to support life.

As the oceans are heated by the sun’s rays, the water on its surface evaporates. It later condenses to form clouds as part of the water cycle. This is how we get our rain and therefore our drinking water. It also contributes to wind, thunderstorms and hurricanes and helps produce monsoon rains on which millions of people in South Asia depend.

The UN Ocean Conference, titled Save Our Ocean-Protect Our Future, June 27-July 1 in Lisbon, Portugal, co-hosted by Kenya and Portugal, comes at a critical time as the world seeks solve many deep-rooted societal problems. problems laid bare by the Covid-19 pandemic.

Unfortunately, many human activities threaten the ecology of the oceans. Overfishing reduces fish populations, threatens nutritious food supplies and alters marine food webs. About 80% of ocean pollution comes from land. Coastal areas are particularly vulnerable to pollutants.

Plastics are particularly problematic with huge patches of floating trash forming in the oceans. On average, 8 tonnes of plastic are dumped into the oceans each year. Chemical pollution in the oceans can include sewage, pesticides, fertilizers, industrial chemicals, petroleum, etc. All of these chemicals contaminate the water and kill marine life. Climate change and its related impacts, such as ocean acidification, also affect the survival of some marine species.

Too many fish caught at the same time make it almost impossible for fish to reproduce. Fish are caught at a faster rate than they can reproduce. Due to this fishing, hunting and pollution, many fish and other marine species are endangered. The oceans are more important than most people realize. We need to start taking care of the ocean and the fish before it’s too late.

Pakistan is located on the coast connected to the Indian Ocean by the coastline of the northeast Arabian Sea. Two of its provinces, Balochistan (800 kilometres) and Sindh (250 kilometres) have a coastline connecting India and Iran.

The environmental problems associated with the coastal areas of Pakistan are enormous. The biggest problem is that of human activities that harm the coastal ecosystem by causing marine pollution. Untreated waste from many industries ends up in water bodies. Oil navigation carries a permanent risk of leaks which pose a major threat to marine life.

Fisheries and the fishing industry play an important role in the national economy of Pakistan. These directly employ around 300,000 fishermen. In addition, another 400,000 people are employed in complementary industries. Karachi Fishing Port handles about 90% of Pakistan’s fish and seafood catch and 95% of Pakistan’s fish and seafood exports.

Gwadar Port is the largest deep water port in the world. It conveniently connects three regions: Central Asia, South Asia and the Middle East.

Besides promoting tourism, the port attracts foreign investment. It has the potential to boost Pakistan’s economy by 60%. Gwadar Port is strategically important due to its prime location and recent massive investments.

The UN Ocean Conference, titled Save Our Ocean-Protect Our Future, June 27-July 1 in Lisbon, Portugal, co-hosted by Kenya and Portugal, comes at a critical time as the world seeks solve many deep-rooted societal problems. issues laid bare by the Covid-19 pandemic. These will require major structural transformations. The conference will seek to promote the innovative science-based solutions needed to open a new chapter in global ocean action.

The writer is a playwright and freelance journalist. He can be reached at [email protected] and his blog site:

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