“The will of the people will be the basis of the authority of government; this will will be expressed in periodic and honest elections which will be by universal and equal suffrage and will be held by secret ballot or by equivalent free vote procedures. Democracy explains and helps to maintain law and order. Democracy helps citizens choose their leaders to run government.
September 15 is declared Democracy Day and celebrated internationally every year on a regular basis. The International Day of Democracy provides an opportunity to take stock of the state of democracy in the world. Democracy is as much a process as it is a goal, and it is only with the full participation and support of the international community, national governing bodies, civil society and individuals that the ideal of democracy can be achieved. become a reality that everyone can enjoy everywhere. .
“Let us commit to safeguarding the principles of equality, participation and solidarity so that we can better weather the storm of future crises. UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres.
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There is no doubt that democracy is considered one of the best political systems. After the world wars, democracy quickly emerged. The United States and Western Europe have become the leaders of democracy and have been cited as the best role model. Their economic development was argued in favor of democracy. Social justice, the flow of information, etc. have also contributed to democracy.
What were the systems before democracy?
Few questions arose in my mind to be shared with my readers like Have the Kingdom and Empires all failed? Why was democracy necessary? Etc.
In history, some kings and emperors were excellent, exceptional, great, kind, gentle and wise. They loved their people and served them in the best possible way. Because they achieved this status based on merit, struggle, and a lot of hard work. They have contributed a lot to the socio-economic development of their country. Wasn’t that enough? But what happened, if a person with his own abilities became king or empowered, he served very well.
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But if someone has become king or empowered by inheritance, by easy way, no matter what ability or struggle, he or she may not experience such pain and get lost in the luxury of the ruling people only. It is the lack of merit and incompetence that has damaged kingdoms and empires. It is greed, corruption and personal desires that have damaged kingdoms and empires. A typical example is King Pu Yi of China, who became emperor at the age of only 3, after the death of his father who was emperor. Imagine, a 3 year old can run an empire? The inheritance system damaged meritocracy.
Current state of democracy in the world
If we look at democratic countries, we can find many anomalies in democracies today. See, Fascist Modi won the elections and rule the biggest democracy in the Nazi style. With all due respect, President Trump led the superpower for four years, owing to his money-based election victory. The French are victims of democracy and are forced to follow the dictation of the government against their free will. In many democratic countries, authoritarianism is practiced.
There are many examples in today’s democracy where money is the only criterion for winning elections, regardless of cash or black money. In many developed countries, considered advanced countries, but the status of democracy is not satisfactory. Freedom of expression and the flow of information are also subject to strict control in major democratic countries. Nothing to say about the status of democracy in developing or underdeveloped countries.
There is a need to rectify the current democratic process, ethics and rules can be formulated so that only people based on merit are elected. It is time to reform current practices and improve the system. Eroded democracy may not survive any longer. If the same trends continue, the future of democracy could meet a similar end to that of kingdoms and empires.
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On the other hand, democracy is cited for bringing prosperity and socio-economic developments to society. But, China is a model, where socio-economic deployments are carried out without democracy. The Chinese have the highest purchasing power, have completely eradicated poverty, and are one of the happiest nations on the planet. The standard of living, the quality of health care, educational institutions and advanced infrastructure have been achieved without democracy.
The Pakistani scenario
Bearing in mind the literacy rate in Pakistan, majority of our voters is ignorant. The socio-economic structure of our country is based on landowners and a feudal society, where the “Wadera” influences the voters. Most voters have no vision or a very narrow view, they can only see drainage systems or carpeted streets in front of their homes. They are unable to choose the right candidate to be elected and represent them in parliament.
In fact, they can judge who can legislate in parliament to change the fate of this nation. In this scenario, some of the typical Pakistani politicians exploited them and won the election and served them only twelve. Their businesses are growing rapidly and they have become exponentially rich, while the voter remains poor, the country remains poor.
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I believe Pakistan has huge potential and can prosper quickly if we elect the right people who are honest, loyal and sincere with the country. Who can legislate, formulate policies and put the country on the right track? For that, we need to educate our constituents. The day our voter is able to judge the right candidate, and vote for the right politician, the fate of our nation will be changed.
Teacher. Ing. Zamir Ahmed Awan, sinologist (ex-diplomat), editor-in-chief, analyst, non-resident member of CCG (Center for China and Globalization), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan. He can be contacted at [email protected] The opinions expressed by the authors do not necessarily represent the editorial policy of Global Village Space