“Any breakthrough in political dialogue would be short-lived if the structural causes of instability are not addressed,” Modibo Touré, the Secretary-General’s special representative for Guinea-Bissau, told the Security Council today. the UN.
“It will therefore be essential that national actors implement the provisions of the Conakry Agreement relating to the revision of the Constitution in order to clarify the provisions that
have given rise to interinstitutional conflicts in the past, ”he added in his briefing, parts of which were in French.
The Conakry Accord was signed in October last year following talks between political leaders, civil society and religious leaders in Guinea-Bissau. The talks were hosted by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) regional bloc in Guinea’s capital, Conakry.
However, the implementation of the ECOWAS Agreement and roadmap has been difficult, said Touré.
Urging the authorities in Guinea-Bissau to focus on revising the electoral law and laws governing political parties, as provided for in the Conakry Accord, in view of the legislative elections scheduled for 2018, the UN official has also stressed that “at the same time, it is important not to lose sight of the crucial reforms in the judicial, human rights, security and economic sectors.
Despite the political crisis, the country’s economic performance has been remarkable
Later in the briefing, Touré pointed out that the national economy would have grown by five percent in 2016, thanks to very good cashew crops and favorable terms of trade.
Last year’s growth follows favorable growth rates in 2015 and 2014.
He added, however, that sustaining economic growth would require stability.
In addition, the Government successfully settled salary arrears lasting several months, particularly in the health and education sectors. Progress has also been made in the promotion of national reconciliation and social cohesion, as evidenced by a recent colloquium organized in the premises of the National Assembly and in the presence of the President of the country.
Mr. Touré also stressed that in the absence of a fully functioning government, the UN and international financial institutions must continue to coordinate their efforts to mitigate risks, reduce socio-economic vulnerabilities, in particular through ‘business initiatives for peace.
In pursuit of this goal, he said the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau (BINUGBIS), which he leads, is currently working to advance a partnership initiative with the UNCT, the World Bank and other interested bilateral and multilateral partners. effectively strengthen local resilience and promote peace in Guinea-Bissau, in accordance with the relevant Security Council resolution on a more integrated political, security and development approach to peacekeeping.