Editor’s Note: Every year during the two sessions, some Western media described the National People’s Congress and the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference as “rubber stamps.” Three academics from the Party School of the CPC Central Committee explain how such labels expose the biases of Western media and why socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics is best suited to the country.
The vast majority of the countries of the world have a two-party or multi-party political system with partisan competition or rivalry at its heart. The competitive political system has its historical basis and its cultural tradition, but we must not reject other political systems that have benefited human society. The competitive party system is widely followed.
Many Western scholars have highlighted the problems with the competitive political party system. For example, opposing for the sake of opposition is the “Achilles heel” of the competitive party system in many Western countries.
In contrast, China’s cooperative political party system, which focuses on “full cooperation” instead of “vicious competition,” can be called the “new political system,” a system of multi-party cooperation and cooperation. political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party. Party of China. This political system developed gradually according to the real conditions during the development of the country.
The CCP leadership was established during China’s long struggle to gain national independence and end semi-colonialism and semi-feudalism.
During the process of rebuilding the country after the founding of New China in 1949, non-Communist parties recognized the CCP’s outstanding contribution to the country and its people, voluntarily accepted its leadership and political program, and agreed to work. with him to achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The Chinese political system, in fact, suits its national conditions, because it can unite all political parties under the leadership of the CCP and make them work together, rather than opposing each other, for the good of the country and the people.
Under the principle of “long-term coexistence, mutual monitoring, sincere treatment and sharing of happiness and misfortune,” the Chinese political system represents and realizes the fundamental interests of all ethnic groups in China. It can unite all non-communist parties, as well as individuals without any party affiliation to work for the common good. It can pool various opinions and suggestions to promote scientific and democratic decision-making and prevent social divisions.
The basic functions of non-Communist parties in China are to participate in the deliberations and administration of state affairs, and to supervise and participate in political consultations conducted by the CCP on a wide range of issues. Over the past 70 years, non-communist parties have provided constructive and positive suggestions on many important issues, such as constitutional review, public governance, people’s livelihoods, environmental protection, reform health system, financial system reform and relations with other countries. , which have boosted China’s economic and social development.
The participation of non-communist parties in state affairs ranges from the legislature and administration to the judiciary and other state organs, and is supported and guaranteed by the Chinese constitution. Compared to opposition parties in Western countries that follow the two-party system or the multi-party system in which small parties have little weight in coalition governments, the participation of non-communist parties in state affairs in China is high. deeper and more extensive.
Researching “important issues” and providing positive suggestions for the CCP is an important way for non-Communist parties to participate in state affairs in China, and non-Communist parties which have professionals and experts in as long as members can better understand the real situation in the social field. , political, economic and cultural, identify the problems and suggest ways to solve them.
Since the 1990s, with the support of the CPC, the central committees of non-Communist parties, the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, and individuals without party affiliation have studied major issues and made many constructive suggestions on development issues of importance, such as the development of the new Pudong area and the development strategy of the country’s western region and the Qinghai-Tibet railway. Proposals from non-communist parties are often submitted directly to the CPC Central Committee and the State Council and, if deemed feasible and constructive, are used by the Party and the government in decision-making.
Mutual supervision is a necessary component of the Chinese political system. But the purpose of such mutual control is not to “remove one (party) from power and bring another to power,” but to help the CCP improve its work. Unlike the supervision of political parties in a two-party or multi-party system, the nature of China’s democratic supervision is favorable, although it includes various critiques and opinions. No wonder the unity and cooperation between the CCP, non-Communist parties and individuals without party affiliation has strengthened.
Democracy is not for political decoration, but for solving the problems facing a country and its people. And socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics allows the CCP, non-Communist parties, and individuals without party affiliation to think and work together to do just that: solve the problems facing the Chinese country and people and achieve their goals. as expected.
The author is a professor of politics and law at the Party School of the CPC Central Committee. Opinions do not necessarily reflect those of China Daily.