End gender-based violence and bigotry | Political economics



NOTIn the beginning, a third of the women in the world were abused at least once in their life. During crises, the numbers increase, as has become evident during the Covid-19 pandemic and recent humanitarian crises, conflicts and climate disasters. A new report from UN Women, based on data from 13 countries, showed that two-thirds of women surveyed said that they or a woman they knew had experienced some form of violence and were more likely to deal with food insecurity. Only a tenth of the women said the victims would seek help from the police.

16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence is an international campaign launched on November 25, the International Day of Violence Against Women, and December 10, the International Human Rights Day to link violence against women and human rights and stress that this violence is a violation of human rights. The United Nations is celebrating these days under the global theme defined by the UNiTE campaign of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, “Orange the World: End Violence Against Women Now!” »Raise awareness and end violence against women and girls. As a bright and optimistic color, orange represents a future free from violence against women and girls.

Gender-based violence is not inevitable. It can and should be avoided. Stopping this violence starts with believing survivors, adopting inclusive and holistic approaches that challenge root causes, transform harmful social norms and empower women and girls. We can end gender-based violence by strengthening essential services in the police, justice, health and social services sectors and by adequately funding the women’s rights agenda.

Violence against women is a current global crisis compounded by other crises. Conflict, climate-related natural disasters, food insecurity and human rights violations all contribute to women and girls living with a sense of danger, even in their own homes, neighborhoods and communities. The Covid-19 pandemic, which required isolation and social distancing, enabled a phantom pandemic of violence against women and girls, where they often found themselves locked up with their attackers.

No less than 38% of murdered women in the world are killed by their intimate partners. In some countries, the World Bank estimates that violence against women can cost up to 3.7% of the country’s GDP in lost productivity, thus affecting the earning capacities of many families. An estimated 5,000 women and girls are killed by family members in the name of “honor” each year, and 71 percent of the world’s human trafficking victims are women and girls, 75 percent of these women and girls are sexually exploited. Outside of their homes, women are also more vulnerable to violence. Women and girls feel less safe walking alone at night, as sexual harassment in public spaces has worsened during Covid-19.

Socio-economic stressors such as financial pressure, employment, food insecurity, and family relationships stand out as having a significant impact not only on experiences of security (or violence), but also on the good. -being women in general. However, there is strong evidence that it is possible to end violence against women and girls. The right policies and programs work. This means that comprehensive, long-term strategies that address the root causes of violence, protect the rights of women and girls, and promote strong and empowering women’s rights movements can effect change.

Gender-based violence is not inevitable. It can and should be avoided. Stopping this violence starts with believing survivors, adopting inclusive and holistic approaches that challenge root causes, transform harmful social norms and empower women and girls.

The main causes of this tragedy include several cultural factors. Gender socialization is also an important determinant of how we perceive or respond to gender.

Victims of violence can experience sexual and reproductive health consequences, including forced and unwanted pregnancies, early marriages, unsafe abortions, sexually transmitted diseases including HIV, and death.

World Economic Forum says violence against women in Pakistan includes burning of bride, dowry death, honor killings, infanticide and murder of mother for giving birth to baby girl . It is estimated that 5,000 women die each year as a result of domestic violence. Thousands of people are injured or disabled.

The Pakistan Human Rights Commission (HRCP) had sounded the alarm on Pakistan’s women’s dilemma, saying 430 cases of honor killings were reported in Pakistan in 2020. Of these, 363 were women and 148 men.

The World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Index ranked Pakistan third a few years ago. Pakistan was ranked 151st out of 153 countries. According to a report by the Aurat Foundation, nearly 70 percent of women in Pakistan have been victims of domestic violence at least once in their lifetime. This violence is usually committed by their intimate partners. These figures do not include emotional abuse, which is even more common in urban communities.

Pakistan has several laws and policies against various forms of violence. However, challenges remain in the implementation of these measures. Many women still do not have access to free or affordable essential health, police, justice and social support services to ensure their safety, protection and recovery.

Recently, the Pakistani president signed a new anti-rape measure aimed at speeding up sentences and toughening sentences. The ordinance will create a national sex offender registry and protect the identity of victims. Special fast-track courts will hear rape cases and are expected to deliver a verdict within four months.

However, there are many obstacles to the implementation of initiatives to tackle gender-based violence (GBV) in Pakistan, including misperceptions about GBV, limited legislation and the lack of support systems and support. safety nets. Poor state, civil society and community systems are serious obstacles to the overall fight against GBV. Prevention efforts should address gender norms, root causes and risk factors of violence against women. Operational initiatives can include dedicated study programs in education systems, economic support to women and households, awareness-raising and messaging campaigns to influence and change social norms through the media, reaching out to peculiar to men.

The writer is independent journalist

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