Sher Bahadur Deuba, who took office for a record fifth time as Prime Minister of Nepal, has the immediate task of ending the unprecedented political crisis in the country which has seen the controversial dissolution of the House of Representatives and its demise. reinstatement by the Supreme Court twice in six months.
The nomination of Nepalese congressman and opposition leader, 75, came after the Supreme Court ruled in his favor on Monday after a month-long hearing on the dissolution of the House of Representatives by President Bidya Devi Bhandari in May.
The veteran leader, who has received support from opposition parties in his legal battle in the Supreme Court against outgoing Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli and President Bhandari, is required to call for a vote of confidence within 30 days to stay in the power at a time when the Himalayan nation is battling the COVID-19 pandemic while facing a severe vaccine shortage.
Deuba previously served as Prime Minister of Nepal four times: from September 1995 to March 1997, July 2001 to October 2002, June 2004 to February 2005 and June 2017 to February 2018. However, he never completed his term.
On his first trip abroad after taking office in June 2017, Deuba visited India in August 2017 and had bilateral talks with Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Deuba had already made three visits to India as Prime Minister, in 1996, 2004 and 2005.
Born on June 13, 1946 in a remote village in Dadeldhura district in the far west of Nepal, Deuba began his political career as a student leader. He was a founding member and president of the Nepal Students Union, the student political wing of the Nepalese Congress, from 1971 to 1980.
In the 1980 national referendum, he actively promoted multiparty democracy in the country ruled by a monarch. He was the Nepalese Congressional Police Officer in the Far West region in 1991.
Deuba was elected deputy of Dadeldhura district from 1991 to November 1994. He was interior minister in the Nepalese congressional government headed by Girija Prasad Koirala from December 1991 to September 1994.
He was elected leader of the parliamentary party of the Nepalese Congress after the 1994 midterm elections.
Deuba was first appointed prime minister in 1995 and led a coalition government. However, his government collapsed in March 1997.
Following a power struggle within the party, Deuba formed a separate Nepalese Congress Democratic Party and served as its chairman from September 2002 to January 2006.
In May 2006, he was unanimously re-elected president of the Nepalese Democratic Congress. However, Deuba dissolved his dissident party and joined the Nepalese Congress in September 2007.
He was head of the High Level Recommendation Committee for the Resolution of the Maoist Problem from December 1999 to October 2000. He was also vice-president of the Socialist International, a world organization of social democratic, socialist and labor parties – from June 2008 to 2012.
He was elected president of the Nepalese Congress on March 7, 2016.
Deuba is one of the few political leaders in Nepal to have spent several years in prison intermittently for political beliefs from 1966 to 2005.
He holds a bachelor’s degree in law and a master’s degree in political science. He received an honorary doctorate from Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi in November 2016 for his contribution to strengthening democracy.
He is married to Arzu Rana and father of a son.
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